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केंद्रीय विद्यालय, केवी -२ एफसीआई, गोरखपुर
Kendriya Vidyalaya, KV - 2 FCI, Gorakhpur
(An Autonomous body under MHRD) Government Of India
CBSE Affiliation No.-2100092, CBSE School Code -54083
Places


 
 

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PLACES / INSTITUTIONS AVAILABLE WITHIN 100 KMS FOR STUDY TOURS WITH BRIEF DESCRIPTION

Mahaparinirvana Temple

This temple stands on the same plinth as the main Nirvana Stupa behind it. The reclining Nirvana statue of Lord Buddha inside the temple is 6.10 metres long and is made of monolith red - sand stone. It represents the "Dieing - Buddha" reclining on his right side with his face towards the west. It is placed on a large brick-pedestal with stone-posts at the corners. There is an inscription datable to the 5th Century A.D. recording that the statue was "the appropriate religious gift of the Mahavihara Swami Haribala".

Nirvana Chaitya (Main Stupa)

Nirvana Chaitya is located just behind the Main Parinirvana Temple. It was excavated by Carlleyle in the year 1876. During excavations, a copper-plate was found, which contained the text of the "Nidana-Sutra" which concluded the statement that plate had been deposited in the "Nirvana-Chaitya" by one Haribala, who also installed the great Nirvana Statue of Buddha in the temple front. A copper vessel was also recovered which contained silver coins of Kumar Gupta, an emperor of Gupta Dynasty, 5th Century A.D.

Ramabhar Stupa

Ramabhar Stupa, also called a Mukutbandhan-Chaitya, is the cremation -place of Buddha. This Site is 1.5 km east of the main Nirvana Temple on the Kushinagar- Deoria road. this Stupa has a huge circular drum with a diameter of 34.14 meters on the top consisting of the two or more terraces and is 47.24 meters in diameter at the base.

Matha Kuar Shrine

A Colossal statue of Lord Buddha is installed, which is  carved out of one block which represents Buddha  seated under the "Bodhi Tree" in a pose known as  " Bhumi Sparsh Mudra " (Earth touching attitude).  The inscription at the base of statue is datable to the  10th or 11th Century A.D.

Meditation Park

Recently developed near the main Nirvana Temple, this park has artificial water bodies with raised lush-green platforms for meditation surrounded by Sal-trees and other afforestations, representing a complete Buddhist-ambience.

Gorakhnath Temple

Gorakhnath temple is a symbol of the identity of the city. The city itself was named after Mahayogi Guru Gorakhnath. According to popular belief Guru Gorakhnath did tapasya in Treta Yug at the place where the magnificent temple stands today.

The temple is built on 52 acre of land in the heart of the city on Gorakhpur-Sonauli state highway. It is not only a peeth of the Nath sect but an example of Indian sculpture. In the garbh grih of the temple, Guru Gorakhnath is depicted as an incarnation of Lord Shiva in deep meditation. His charan paduka has been kept near his meditation site.

The sacred pond (Mansarover) situated in the east has been now converted into a boating place by the temple thorities.
The temple litrature reveals that the temple structure and shape was changed from time to tme. It is also said that several attempts were made to demolish the temple during Mughal period. The present form of the teple was conceptualised by late Mahant Digvijaynath and present head priest of the temple Mahant Aveiydyanath.

Though large number of devotees of guru Gorakhnath visits the temple every day but their number increase many folds on every Tuesday and Saturday. Thousands od devotees assemble in the temple premises during the famous Khichari mela (January 14th onwards) which is the main festival of the temple.

Location : 4 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Geeta Press

  

Satyamvad, Dharamamchar(speak truth and practice dharma). This is the inscription at the main gate of Gita press which was inaugurated by Dr. Rajendra Prasad, the first President of India on April 29th, 1955.

Also a must see is the lovely statue of Lord Krishna on a chariot delivering a semron to Arjun. Situated in the old city, Gita press is not only a press for publishing books but a mission conceived by late Jayadajaliji Goyanka, a spiritual inclined person. It is said that he was inspired by Lord Krishna during his sadhana to live Gita, to propagate it, broadcast nishkama karmayoga and inspire people to adopt it as philosophy of life.

Gita press was started in gorakhpur on May 1923 in a small rented room (Rs. 10 per month) in Urdu Bazar. There were three tedril machines and few devoted workers. Hanuman Prasad Poddar, popularly know as Bhaijee was among the directors of Govind Bhavan Karyalaya in Calcutta when dicision was taken to publish Gita from here. Later he was shifted to Gorakhnath and he devoted his entire life to the development of the press. Initally Gita press published its works mainly in Sanskrit, Hindi and English but now it has over 350 titles, including Telugu (60), Gujarati (59), Tamil (44), Oriya (43), Bengali, Assamese (42), Kannada (37) and Marathi (27). The famous monthly magazine Kalyan has a subscription of 2.35 lakh per month.

Lila Chitra Mandir situated in a magnificent hall on its premises exhibits the pictorial are trend of the country from time to time. There are approximately 700 pictures (including paintings) related to earthy sojourn and pastimes of Lord Rama and Krishna. During the Gita Jayanti week this Chitra Mandir is decorated tastefully.

Location : 4 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Vishnu Temple

The famous temple associated with a large Idol of God Vishnu made in 12th Century "PAL KALIN KALIN KASAUTI" Stone. Ramleela is organized on the eve of Festival Dussehera here and the procession is so grand and in a very traditional that it fetches the tourist visit in the season.

Location : 4 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Arogya Mandir

Arogya Mandir, established by Late Sri. Bitthal Das Modi in 1940. The new and beautiful building was completed in 1961. It is approximately 2 kms away from Gorakhpur city and 4 kms from Rly. Station. It is made in an open area and covered with hundreds of eucalyptus and mango trees. The concept of treatment is Naturopathy. During the formation of new building the ease of patients is kept in mind. Windows are so made that the ventilation is best in every season.

Location : 4 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Geeta Vatika

Gita Vatika is situated in the northern part of the city where founder editor of Kalyan, Hanuman Prasad Poddar lived for 45 years (1927-1971). Spread in a area of 5.2 acre, Gita Vatika has a magnificent temple of Sri Radha Krishna. In the temple premises samadhi of Hanuman Prasad Poddar, his wife and Radha Baba is located. Radha Baba has established "Giriraj" in the temple premises. On the day after Diwali devotees worship Giriraj and offer "Annakoot".

Location : 4 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

V-Park

Called as V-Park, the grand green park is situated inside the town in the east near University Area, A paradise for morning walkers, the park is governed and maintained by the administration and consist of natural trees, several fruit trees, plants etc. Plants of several varieties are also available for sale. The park also develops motherbirds of Roses of several Colours and varieties.

Location : 1 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Imambara

The Imambara-- abode of imams-- is a well known landmark of Gorakhpur. Its history begins with the advent of Syed Roshan Ali Shah in Gorakhpur in 1774. His father Syed Ghulam Ashraf, a native of Bakhara, had come to Delhi during the reign of Modammad Shah. He fled from Delhi during one of the invasion of Ahmad Shah Abdali. He finally settled at Shahpur. His son Syed Roshan Ali Shah left him and came to Gorakhpur where he inherited a sizable land from his maternal grandfather in mohalla Daud Chak (now Mian Bazzar). He decided to build an Imambara on his land and changed the name of Daud Chak to Imamganj.

Raja Pahalwan Singh of Satari donateed mauza Kusmahi along with the jungles in 1793 for Niyaz Imam Saheb. Nawab Asif-ud-Daulah, the Shia ruler of Oudh, offer a grant of 16 villages, Rs. 10,000 cash and a silver Tazia in 1796 to Roshan Ali Shah. With rhis grant Shah built a pucca enclosure around the central Imambara and added other edifices to it.

Location : 2 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Buddha Museum

The Govt. Buddha Museum was established on the bank of Ramgarh lake in 1987. The present building came into existence in 1997. The magnificent building of the museum constructed in Buddhist architectural style contains more than 3,500 antiques displayed in four galaeries. The idea behind establishing Buddha museum was to collect, preserve, document and exhibit cultural property.

Location : 4 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Ramgarh Taal

The cool soothing breeze all over the city may be attributed to the centrally located water body. It can hardly be defined as a 'Pond' for its regular flow and extended surface area. Adding to this is the availability of fresh water round the year unlike other water resources. Its beauty is attributed with Tara Mandal at its Southern bank. The tourists are comforted with Circuit house located near it. Buddha Museum near it offers the tourist to know and learn about Lord Buddha.

Location : 3 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

The City of Gorakhpur

Cultural and historial Importance of Gorakhpur

    
    Gorakhpur is situated along the eastern bank of river Rapti, 280 Km. Northeast of Lucknow. The city is well connected by rail, road and air particularly the former, with the rest of the country.
    Gorakhpur region claims antiquity going back to the fabulous ages of Indian history long anterior to the Ramayan era. Geography of Manu's days reveals that thi region formed a part of Madhyadesh ruled by Manu's eldest son, Ikshawaku, the founder of the Suryavansh line. In the Ramayan er, it formed of a part of Karupath which was a constituent of the great Kosal Empire and was ruled by Lakshman's sons Anand and Chandraketu, Lord ram is also believed to have practiced austerities, under saint Vishwamitra's instruction, here at the junction of river Rapti and Rohini. In the Mahabharat era, this region formed a part of the famous Jambu-Dweep and represented Gopalak kingdom which is believed to have been conquered by the Pandav Prince Bheem, the mound called "Bheem-Teela" in the Gorakhpur hamlet of Bansgaon subdivision of Gorakhpur district is supposed to the place where Bheem rested after his victory. This great centre of Aryan culture, religion and politics reached the pinnacle of its Koliyas and Mauryas; Gautam Buddha was born in the Shakyan race and his mother Mayadevi belonged to the Koliyan race, while Mauryas who inhabited the Chauri-Chaura region of Gorakhpur district known then as Pippalavan were ancestors of the great king Chandragupta Maurya. The archaelogical excavation sites at the villages of "Sohagaura and Deokali" - Tier in the Bansgaon subdivision vividly tell the story of Gorakhpur district region during the Koliyan regime.
    The city owes its name to the celebrated ascetic, Baba Gorakhnath, who made this place the centre for advocating his religious philosophy, another belief is that this place was originally named Go-Raksha-Pur (Place of Cow-Protection) because it was here that Pandav prince Arjun had saved a cowherd of Matsyadesh king Virat from thieving Kaurvas. The spot where the great yogi is believed to have practiced austerities is adorned by a grand temple in which marble which is an elegant piece of architecture and a great attraction for the tourists. A big pond situated with in the temple premises is believed to be representing the place where Pandav Prince Bheem rested while visiting this place for inviting Guru Gorakhnath to a "raj-surya-yagya". The Gorakhnath temple is the pivot of the religious life of the Hinus of Gorakhpur. While thousands of devotees visit the temple regularly, the occasion of "maker Sankranti" holds a special meaning for the devotees who assemble in lakhs on the fourteenth day of every January to attend an annual fair, pray and offer "Khichri" to the deity at the temple. So strong is the grip of this temple on the locals that they hardly give much thought to the other temples of the city.
    The other major temples of Gorakhpur include the old Hanuman temple, "Hanuman Garhi", at the junction of rivers Rapti and Rohin, and the old Vishnu temple which boasts of a black stone idol of Vishnu that represents a piece of medieval sculpture favourable comparable with the best pieces of art in India.
    The major place of devotion for the muslims of Gorakhpur is the Imambara build Nawab Asafuddin in 1775 at a place believed to the site where the Sufi Saint Roshan Ali shah is believed to have attained the ultimate state of spiritual tranquility.

Yet another place of reverence is Gita Press which is known the world over for its monthly publication, "Kalyan". This year old institution has been concerned for a long time with editing, translation and low-cost publication of the sacred Hindu books and other spiritually based books in Hindi and Sanskrit. It also boasts of a picture gallery, "Leeladham", where the full stories of Ramayan and Mahabharat are depicted in beautiful eye-catching coloured pictures. A befitting memorial of the founder nhich house of beautiful garden, a Radha-Krishna temple and meditation centre where devotional songs have been a ritual for years, as well as a big cancer hospital run mainly on charity.
    Gorakhpur has been associated with great literacy figures like Munshi Premchand and 'Firaq Gorakhpuri'. Premchand, the famous Hindiz novelist and story-writer, spent many years, during the early days of his life, teaching and writing at the local Normal School, a beautiful park, "Munshi Premchand Memorial Park", has been built near this school and houses a library and the author's statue. Raghupati Sahai "Firaq", the internationally acclaimed exponent of Urdu poetry, was born brought up at Gorakhpur.
    Gorakhpur has produced many revolutionaries, patriots and freedom fighters. Noted among these are 'Amar Shaheed' Ram Prasad Bismil, 'Swatantrata Senani' Sachindra Nath Sanyal, and Baba Raghav Das, Bilsmil was jailed and hanged at Gorakhpur District jail where cell No. 8 and hanging site stand even today as mute testimony to an infamous act of a cruel ruler. The involvement of Gorakhpur in the freedom movement is immortalized by the happenings at Chauri-Chaura where hundreds lost their lives at the hands of the British police in 1922 and many were later hanged or jailed for their retaliatory act by the British Courts a suitable memorial has been built in the Chauri-Chaura subdivision of Gorakhpur to respect the martyrs. Another martyrs, memorial stands at Doharia Kalan village in the Sahjanwa subdivision of Gorakhpur as a mark of respect to those freedom lovers who fell victim to British Ruler's bullets in 1942.
    Gorakhpur presently provides a number of facilities for learning and job opportunities to youths of this and nearby areas. The Deen Dayal Upadhyay Gorakhpur University, Gorakhpur (established 1957) with its many affiliated colleges, Caters the educational needs of many thousands of students in science, commerce, humanity and law. The Madan Mohan Malvyiya Engineering College (established 1962) look after the important professional education in the fields of different branches of engineering technology and medicine. Another kind medical institute, Arogya Mandir (established 1940) carries out treatment by naturopathy and also conducts teaching and awards degrees in this branch of medicine, through its school of natural therapeutics (established 1965).

    Gorakhpur also boasts of its Gurkha recruitment depot (established 1886) which is the only one of its kind in the country, and its Indian Air Force base (established 1963) which is extremely vital for the Defence of the eastern sector of the country and is hence equipped with the latest and most sophisticated fighter and bomber planes and equipments. Further, Gorakhpur has all India radio and Doordarshan broadcasting and relay centres of its own, and the head Quarter of the North Eastern Railway.
    The local, mainly rural, art talent of Gorakhpur is known worldwide. The beautiful horse and elephant terracotta figures, originally meant for dedicating to village deities on special occasions, have found an appreciative national and international market. Some is the case with the products of the very widespread handloom cottage industry of Gorakhpur which comprises about 30,000 looms, the towels, bed-sheets, bed-covers, table cloths, pillow covers and curtains are among the very best produced by Indian handlooms.
    The large Ramagarh Lake, occupying an area of about 1700 acres, is a geographical landmark which greets the visitors entering Gorakhpur for its eastern side. Associated with this lake is an ambitious development scheme expected to provide Gorakhpur with several tourist attractions. The projects under this scheme which have been completed include a museum (Buddha Sangharalaya) provided with photo-lab. Library and exhibition halls, and a 20-suite bridges, an entertainment park (Champa Vihar), a planetarium and a tourist lodge are fast approaching completion. Besides, Gorakhpur has many parks and gardens, chief among these are Indira Bal Vihar and Laldiggi Vihar which are basically entertainment parks for children; government which boasts of a wide array of plant varieties and holds annual flower-fruit-vegetables shows and Kusumhi Vinod Van which is located within the Kusumhi Forest Area and has comfortable rest house with a charming garden and a small zoo.

Lehra Devi Temple

It is believed that while wandering in the forest for 14 years, Pandavas lived a year in disguise. They visited the Lehra town and were offered shelter by Lehra Devi. Once Maa came to the town as a beautiful girl and wanted to cross the river. She hired a boat and started the journey but in middle of the river the boatman grew interested in her splendid beauty and went off track. As soon as Devi understood his intention she disappeared with the boat. In the Kalyug she was seen with the boat to her followers who made a temple at the very place. It is believed that if a person visits the temple for regular 5 Tuesdays, his wishes are fulfilled.

Teracotta Town

Situated AT 17 CMS from Gorakhpur `BHATHAT' a small village, which is famous for its earth(MUD) made handicrafts. Famous as Terracotta products, the products range is quite large. Being highly exported to several countries, most of the villagers are engaged in manufacturing terracotta handicrafts. Several National and International Awards have already been won by the Artists.

Location : 17 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn

Indo-Nepal Border

The Indo Nepal Border situated at 100 Kms. North from the City is called as Sunauli Border. A welcome passage for tourists, devoties of Buddhism, mountain trackers e.t.c. the border is used in general for transportation of Goods to Nepal.

Location : 100 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Lumbani

The holy birth place of Lord Buddha, Lumbini is situated at Indo Nepal Border, a 122 Kms drive from the city. The scared Lumbini Kanan where Mahamaya Devi gave birth to lord Buddha is the dream place for every Buddhist to visit once in life time. King PriyaDarshi alias Ashok, the beloved of Devas in the twentieth century of the coronation made a royal visit. On birth of Buddha Sakyamuni, a scripted-stone was founded & the village was tax freed and was entitled to the eight part. Lumbini at the bank of river Telar, where the Ashoka Pillar (with a split in center) the sacred tank and a few stupas are situated. MayaDevi, mother of Buddha bathed at the sacred pond before giving birth to him.

Location : 122 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Kushinagar

In Mahajanpad period the most important republic, the Mall republic had it capital as Kushinagar alias Kushinara/Kushawati. The evidences show that this city was not a big city as compared to the other at that period but was gaurded by 'Singhdwar' like renowned once. Since it is Mahatma Buddh's death-land, it is very famous. When Buddha felt that it was time for him to leave the land of generals. He came back to his favourite place Kushinagar and left his mortal coil in excel forest of Sal Van. His last procession was a real grand finale.Many Kings of the era visited the place and laid the foundation of Stupas, Vihaars etc. The city always did the best for the dwelling of the Boudh Bhikshus.

Location : 51 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Kapilvastu

Kapilavastu was the aricient capital of the sakya clan, whose ruler 'shuddhodhan' was the father of the buddha, for which reason the buddha is also frferred to as the sakuamuni. The sakuya domain was one of the sixteen 'mahajkanpads 'of the 6th century B.C. Prince gautam, as the buddha was then known left his palace in kapilvastu of the jat the age of 29 and revisited it 12 years later, long jaftger he had attained erilightenment. Today, kapilvastu comprise of the several villages, chief among them are Priprahwa, Ganvaria & Salargarh.

Location : 100 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Chauri Chaura Sahid Smarak

February 4, 1922 the fire of infuriation engulfed foreign made clothes and textiles at Chauri-Chaura. The police force resorted to 'Lathi Charge' on the conggetion in vain. The police force fired on innocent public, which resulted to death and violence. The violent mob chased the police force; the police personnel's ran for their lives and locked themselves inside the police st ation. The infuriated mob set fire to the police station and as a result, 19 policemen were burnt alive. British government took repressive measures and 172 persons involved in Chauri-Chaura incidence were sentenced death and 14 were to be sent to Kalapani, Andman Nicobar prison cells. Pt. Madan Mohan Malviya fought against the British law and converted the punishment to death sentence of 19 and imprison for the rest of all. The shahid smarak build up in memory of the freedom fighters is situated near the railway station Chauri Chaura.

Location : 23 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Tarkulha Devi

Enriched with natural beauty, pond, Sahid Smark and shaktijeet, Tarkulaha Devi Temple is a famous place for devotees of Hindu religon. Tarkulaha Devi was the Ishta Devi of freedom fighter Senani Babu Bandhu Singh. On the eve of Chatra Ramnavmi a one month'large fair is organized every year.

Location : 31 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

Maghar

Sant Kabir a mystic poet & a well-known saint left his mortal coil here. The great personality taught the lesson of brotherhood after death too. When the town was panic stricken with the news of death of the diety, some naughty ailments tried to make it a issue of religious conflict. But the great sole still cared for his people and in the due course of discussion between Hindus & Muslims that he will be buried or burnt, the body disappeared replaced by heap of flowers. The flowers were then divided into half and Muslims buried it whereas Hindus burnt it. Hindus built Samadhi Mandir at the very place where they burnt their flowers & Muslims made Makbara at the very place where they buried there part of flowers. This unique example of co-existence of Hindu-Muslim harmony and peace is visible today in Maghar. Behind the Samadhi-Makbara there is a cave in which Sant Kabir used to perform his deep 'Tapasya'. The present façade and shape of cave is restored by earthwork for about hundred years ago. 'Kabir-Dhuni' and 'Gorakh talaiya' are located about 1 km away from Samadhi near Kasarwal village on National Highway.

Location : 28 kms away from Gorakhpur Rly. Stn.

How to Reach Gorakhpur City

The present district of Gorakhpur, 265 Kms east of capital Lucknow, on National Highway -28 lies between Latitude 26° 46´ N and Longitude 83° 22´ E, covers the geographical area of 3483.8 Sq. km. It is bounded by districts Mahrajganj in the north, Ambedkar Nagar, Azamgarh and Mau in the south, Kushinagar and Deoria in the east and Sant Kabirnagar in the west.

Half yearly Examination will be conducted from 07.10.2017. For time table visit Vidyalaya notice board.